Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Mites (burrowing and non-burrowing)

Synonym(s): Psoroptes, Sarcoptes, Chorioptes, Demodex, Neotrombicula, Trombicula, Psorobia, Raillietia

Contributor(s): Sophie Mahendran , Hany Elsheikha

University of Nottingham logo

Introduction

  • Mites are invertebrate arthropods, belonging to the class Arachnida, subclass Acari.
    • These mites fall into 2 orders: 
  1. Sarcoptiformes
    • Often described as Astigmata 
    • Includes Sarcoptes and Psoroptes
    • Respiration occurs through the cuticle
  2. Trombidiformes
    • Often described as Prostigmata 
    • Includes Demodex and Trombicula
    • Respiration occurs through stigmata which are on the anterior body of the mite
  • Their general lifecycle involves the female laying eggs, these hatch into larvae, larvae then moult into nymphs. The nymphs mature into either male or female adult mites.
  • Generally, the whole lifecycle occurs on the host, with all stages present simultaneously.
  • Mites may also be described as burrowing or non-burrowing mites
    • Burrowing mites tunnel into the skin.
      • They tend to have short legs with pulvilli (terminal suckers) on the end of them.
      • They are smaller than the non-burrowing mites, and generally have a circular shape.
    • Non-burrowing mites live on the skin surface and hair
It is worth noting that some of the mites affecting cattle are zoonotic, in addition to affecting multiple other species.

Psoroptes species

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Sarcoptes scabiei

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Demodex bovis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Chorioptes bovis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Neotrombicula autumnalis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Chigger mites

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Psorobia bovis (Psorergates bos)

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Raillietia auris

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMed Resource.
  • Milnes A, Mitchell S & Bell S (2012) Emerging Skin Conditions in Cattle. In Practice 34 (10) pp 588–97. 
  • Krametter-Froetscher R, Leschnik M, Hoegler S , Loewenstein M & Baumgartner W (2006) Occurrence of the Ear-Mite Raillietia Auris in Cattle in Austria. The Veterinary Journal 171 (1) pp 186–88. 
  • Rehbein S, Winter R, Visser M et al (2005) Chorioptic mange in dairy cattle: treatment with eprinomectin pour-on. Parasitology Research 98 pp 21.
  • Taylor M (2000) Use of Anthelmintics in Cattle. In Practice 22 (6) pp 290–304. 
  • Bates P (1998) Bovine Mange in Great Britain. Cattle Practice (1). 
  • Edmond L C (1986) Ectoparasites of Cattle. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice 2 (2) pp 299–321. 

Other sources of information

  • Coop T & Wall (2016) Veterinary Parasitology. 4th Edn. Wiley Blackwell.
  • Wall R, Shearer D (2008) Veterinary Ectoparasites. Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Mullen G R & Oconnor B M (2002) Mites (Acari)-23. In: Medical and Veterinary Entomology pp 449-516.
  • Matthes H F, Bukva V (1993) Features of Bovine Demodecosis (Demodex Bovis Stiles, 1892) In: Mongolia: Preliminary Observations. Folia Parasitologica pp 154–155.


ADDED