Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Lice (Phthiraptera): overview

Synonym(s): Anoplura Sucking Lice, Ichnocera, Mallophaga, Chewing, Biting, Lice

Contributor(s): Mike Taylor, Andrew Forbes

Introduction

  • Species of both sucking and chewing lice are found on cattle.

Classification

Taxonomy
  • Phylum: arthropoda.
  • Class: insecta.
  • Order: phthiraptera.
  • Suborder: anoplura (Sucking lice).
  • Families: hematopinidae and Linognathidae.
  • Suborder: ischnocera (chewing lice).
  • Family: bovicolidae.

Distribution

  • Worldwide: primarily in cooler climates.

Significance

  • Light infestations are often asymptomatic and not considered of any pathogenic importance.
  • Moderate infestations may be associated with a mild chronic dermatitis.
  • In heavier infestations, there is pruritus, with rubbing and licking, but if sucking lice are present in large numbers there may be anemia and weakness.

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Control

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Diagnosis

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Taylor M A (2001) Recent Developments in Ectoparasiticides. The Veterinary Journal 161, 253-268 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Taylor M A, Coop R L, Wall R L (2016) Chapter 8 - Parasites of Cattle. In: Veterinary Parasitology. 4th edn. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, West Sussex, UK. pp 380-382.
  • Scott P & Taylor M (2013) Internal and External Parasites of Cattle. Zoetis UK Ltd, Walton-on-the Hill, UK, 85 pages.
  • Taylor M A (2004) Bovine Antiparasitics. In: Bovine Medicine, Diseases and Husbandry of Cattle. Blackwell Scientific Publications. 2nd edn. Eds: Andrews A H, Blowey R W, Boyd H, Eddy R G, Chapter 60. pp 1030-1033.
  • Taylor M A (2004) Chemotherapeutics of Ectoparasiticides: Large Animals. Merck Veterinary Manual. 9th Edition, Merial Whitehouse Station, NJ, USA. pp 2158-2168.
  • Walker A (1994) The Arthropods of Humans and Domestic Animals. Chapman & Hall, London.


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