Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Diseases and disorders of the larynx: an overview

Contributor(s): Mo Kemp, Jo Oultram

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Laryngeal disorders

Disorders of the bovine larynx include: 

  • Necrotic laryngitis.
  • Laryngitis.
  • Foreign bodies.
  • Edema.
  • Abscessation/Chondropathy.
  • Contact ulcers.
  • Granulomas.
  • Papillomas.
 
  • Laryngeal disease in cattle is most commonly caused by infection with Fusobacterium necrophorum Fusobacterium necrophorum and treatment of necrobacillosis with a variety of broad-spectrum antibiotics is usually successful.
  • Laryngitis and other, much less common, causes of laryngeal disease include foreign bodies, edema, abscessation, contact ulcers, granulomas and papillomas.
  • Laryngeal chondritis, a condition characterised by chronic suppuration within the arytenoid cartilages of the larynx, resulting in swelling and occlusion of the laryngeal lumen has been described in calves and cattle and has been reported to respond well to treatment with systemic lincomycin. 
    • There are no injectable Lincomycin Lincomycin products licensed in the UK for use in cattle. Treatment options are discussed below. 

General clinical signs

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Necrotic laryngitis

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Laryngitis

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Laryngeal edema

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Laryngeal chondropathy

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Laryngeal contact ulcers

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Laryngeal granulomas, papillomas and other laryngeal conditions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMed Resource.
  • Goulding R, Schumacher J, Barrett D C & Fitzpatrick J L (2003) Use of a permanent tracheostomy to treat laryngeal chondritis and stenosis in a heifer. Vet Rec 152,  809-811 PubMed.
  • Milne M H, Barrett D C, Sullivan M & Fitzpatrick J L (2000) Successful medical treatment of laryngeal chondritis in cattle. Vet Rec 147, 305-306 PubMed.
  • Gasthuys F, Verschooten F, Parmentier D, De Moor A & Steenhaut M (1992) Laryngotomy as a treatment for chronic laryngeal obstruction in cattle: a review of 130 cases. Vet Rec 130, 220-223 PubMed.
  • Lane J G, Brown P J, Lancaster M L & Todd J N (1987) Laryngeal chondritis in Texel sheep. VetRec 121,  81-84.
  • De Moor A & Verschooten F (1968) Surgical treatment of laryngeal roaring in calves. Vet Rec 83, 262-264 PubMed.
  • Lawrence J A (1967) Laryngeal abscesses in calves. Vet Rec 81,  540-541.
  •  Adams O R, Brown W W, Chow T L, Collier J R et al (1959) Comparison of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, shipping fever, and calf diphtheria of cattle. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 134, pp 85-89.
  • Britton J W (1945) Further observations on chronic ovine laryngitis. Cornell Veterinarian 35, pp 210-213.

Other sources of information

  • Smith J C & Baker J A (1996) Diseases of the pharynx, larynx and trachea. In: Large Animal Internal Medicine. Mosby, pp 627-631.
  • Radostits O M, Blood D C & Gay C C (1994) Diseases of the respiratory system. In: Veterinary Medicine. London, Bailliere Tindall. pp 391-434.
  • Dungworth D L (1993) The respiratory system. In: Pathology of Domestic Animals. 4th Edn. Eds: Jubb K V F, Kennedy P C & Palmer N. London, Academic Press. pp 568-569.
  • Gustin P, Bakima J, Lekeux P & Lomba F (1986) Relationship between ventilation mechanics of the larynx and laryngeal disorders in double-muscled Belgian Blue calves. Proceedings of the 14th World Congress on Diseases of Cattle, Dublin, Ireland. August 26-29. Vol 1. pp 697-702.


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