Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Extra/peri-vascular injections

Synonym(s): Extravascular, Perivascular

Contributor(s): Gayle Hallowell , Alex Dugdale

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Introduction

Extravascular injection

  • Where some or all of an intravenous injection is inadvertently administered outside of the vein.

Intramural injection

  • When some of the injection is administered within the vessel wall but not into the bloodstream.

Causes

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Sequelae of misplaced intravenous injections

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Prevention

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Treatment

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Seddighi R, Doherty T J (2016) Field Sedation and Anesthesia of Ruminants. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 32(3), 553-570 PubMed.
  • Abrahamsen E J (2013) Chemical restraint and injectable anesthesia of ruminants. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 29(1),209-27 PubMed.
  • Smith G (2013) Extralabel use of anesthetic and analgesic compounds in cattle. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 29(1), 29-45 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Valverde A & Sinclair M (2015) Ruminant Anesthesia. In: Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia. Chapter 49. Blackwell Publishing.


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