Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Intravenous catheters: placement and care

Contributor(s): Louise Cox-O’Shea , Alex Dugdale

Introduction

  • An intravenous (IV) catheter can be used to administer antibiotics, fluids, analgesics, premedicants, anesthetics and emergency drugs when needed, in a safe and controlled manner.
  • A patent IV catheter is vital in critically ill animals.
  • Some drugs are highly irritant when injected extravascularly, e.g. hypertonic saline & thiopental. An intravenous catheter can help to prevent tissue necrosis by ensuring that the drug goes directly into the vein.

Selecting a catheter

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Sites for catheterization

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Placement of a jugular catheter

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Maintenance of the catheter

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Complications

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Vetstream (2017) Intravenous catheterization. [online]. Website: www.vetstream.com. Last accessed 08th Feb 2018.
  • Dugdale A (2010) Veterinary Anesthesia. In: Principles to Practice. Wiley Blackwell.


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