Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Ascites: overview

Contributor(s): Mo Kemp , Lisa Whitfield

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Definition

  • Edema is defined as an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitial spaces of tissues or in body cavities.
  • Excessive fluid in the abdominal cavity is referred to as ascites.
  • Ascites is a rare presentation in cattle.
    • Milne and others (2001) reported that from a population of 1863 cattle suspected to be suffering from incurable conditions referred to a University Clinic signs of ascites were observed in only 9 cases.  Of the 1863 case,119 cases had either primary or secondary cardiac disease but only 8 of these presented or were diagnosed with ascites (6.7%).

Pathogenesis

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Diagnosis

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Disease conditions that can present with ascites

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Investigations to deterimine cause of ascites

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Prognosis

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Differential diagnosis

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource
  • Braun U (2016) Ascites in cattle: Ultrasonographic findings and diagnosis. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 32 (1), 55-83 PubMed.
  • Milne M H, Mellor D J, Barrett D C & Fitzpatrick J L (2001) Observations on ascites in nine cattle. Vet Rec 148 (11), 341-344 PubMed.
  • Hill B D, Gaul K L & Noble J W (1997) Poisoning of feedlot cattle by seeds of Heliotropium europaeum. Aus Vet J 75 (5), 360-361 PubMed.
  • Rosiles M R, Aguilar A & Ramirez L (1997) Selenium deficiency in a herd of cattle suffering from altitude sickness in Ixtlahuaca, Mexico State. Veterinara Mexico 28 (1), 55-57 GeoScience.
  • Forouzandeh B, Konicek F & Sheagren J N (1996) Large-volume paracentesis in the treatment of cirrhotic patients with refractory ascites. The role of postparacentesis plasma volume expansion. J Clin Gastroenterol 22 (3), 207-210 PubMed.
  • Kubasiewicz L & Butowska M (1996) Congenital abnormalities in cattle in the Zameczek area (Poland) in 1986-1989. Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Rolniczej w Szczecinie, Zootechnika 33, 39-49 VetMedResource.
  • Michell A R (1996) Oedema in cattle - causes and clinical implications. In Pract 18 (5), 232-233 VetMedResource.
  • Abbitt B, Fiske R A, Craig T M & Bitter J W (1995) Scrotal hydrocele secondary to ascites in 28 bulls. J Am Vet Med Assoc 207 (6), 753-756 PubMed.
  • Braun U, Pusterla N & Wild J (1995) Ultrasonographic findings in 11 cows with hepatic abscess. Vet Rec 137 (12), 284-290 PubMed.
  • Garcia-Tsao G (1995) Cirrhotic ascites: pathogenesis and management. Gastroenterologist 3 (1), 41-54 PubMed.
  • Kopcha A & Schultze A E (1991a) Peritoneal fluid. Part 2. Abdominocentesis in cattle and interpretation of nonneoplastic samples. Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 13, 279-286.
  • Kopcha A & Schultze A E (1991b) Peritoneal fluid. Part 1. Pathophysiology and classsification of nonneoplastic effusions. Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 13, 210.
  • Hirsch V M & Townsend H G (1982) Peritoneal fluid analysis in the diagnosis of abdominal disorders in cattle: a retrospective study. Can Vet J 23, 348-354.

Other sources of information

  • Stephenson R B (1997) Capillaries and Fluid Exchange. In: Veterinary Physiology. 2nd edn. Ed: Cunningham J G. W B Saunders, USA. pp 220-224.
  • Verlander J W (1997) Glomerular Filtration. In: Veterinary Physiology. 2nd edn. Ed: Cunningham J G. W B Saunders, USA. pp 494-495.
  • Heidemann S R (1997) The Molecular and Cellular Basis of Physiological Regulation. In: Veterinary Physiology. 2nd edn. Ed: Cunningham J G. W B Saunders, USA. pp 14-15.
  • Divers T J & Vanmetre D C (1996) Alterations in Urinary Function. In: Large Animal Internal Medicine. 3rd edn. Ed: Smith B P. Mosby, USA. pp 197.
  • McGuirk S M & Reef V B (1996) Alterations in Cardiovascular and Hemolymphatic Systems. In: Large Animal Internal Medicine. 3rd edn. Ed: Smith B P. Mosby, USA. pp 102-103.
  • Detweiler D K & Riedesel D H (1993) Regional and fetal circulations. In: Dukes' Physiology of Domestic Animals. 11th edn. Eds Swenson M J, Reece W O. Ithaca, London, Comstock Publishing Associates, pp 227-243.
  • Dirksen G (1979) Digestive system. In: Clinical Examination of Cattle. Rosenberger G (ed). Berling, Hamberg, Paul Parey. pp 255-256.


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