Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Slaughter facilities: handling requirements

Synonym(s): Welfare, lairage, euthanasia, abattoir

Contributor(s): Temple Grandin, Miriam Martin, Lily Edwards-Callaway , Alessandro Seguino

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Introduction

  • This article is relevant to facilities throughout the world, but focuses on the United States.
  • This article discusses the importance of regulation, proper training, practical facility design, and assessment of cattle slaughter facilities in order that a high standard of animal welfare is achieved.
  • Emphasis is placed on employee training, as the authors believe that this is key to improved welfare.

Cattle receiving and holding

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Cattle handling in the facility

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Facility design and management

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Stunning and insensibility

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In-plant and industry approaches to maintaining and improving animal welfare in slaughter facilities

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Cattle predisposed to stress

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Audit programs

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Summary

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Further Reading

Publications

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Lee T et al (2017) Relationship Between Trauma Sustained at Unloading and Carcass Bruise Prevalence in Finished Cattle at Commercial Slaughter Facilities. Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports 3 (1), 32.
  • Terlouw C, Bourguet C & Deiss V (2016) Consciousness, unconsciousness and death in the context of slaughter. Part II. Evaluation methods. Meat science 118, 147-156 PubMed.
  • Grandin T (2015) How to determine insensibility (unconsciousness) in cattle, pigs, and sheep in slaughter plants.
  • Grandin T (2014) Livestock Handling and Transport: Theories and Applications.
  • Loneragan G H, Thomson D U & Scott H M (2014) Increased mortality in groups of cattle administered the ß-adrenergic agonists ractopamine hydrochloride and zilpaterol hydrochloride. PLoS one 9 (3), PubMed.
  • Grandin T (2010) Auditing animal welfare at slaughter plants. Meat Science 86 (1), 56-65.
  • Gaughan J et al (2008) A new heat load index for feedlot cattle. DigitalCommons@University of Nebraska – Lincoln. Faculty Papers and Publications in Animal Science, 613.
  • Grandin T (2001) Cattle vocalizations are associated with handling and equipment problems at beef slaughter plants. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 71 (3), 191-201 PubMed.
  • Grandin T (2000) Effect of animal welfare audits of slaughter plants by a major fast food company on cattle handling and stunning practices. JAVMA 216 (6), 848-851 PubMed.
  • Grandin T (1998) Objective scoring of animal handling and stunning practices at slaughter plants. JAVMA 212, 36-40 PubMed.
  • Grandin T (1996) Factors that impeded animal movement at slaughter plants. JAVMA 209, 757-759.

Other sources of information

  • Professional Animal Auditor Certification Organization (2017) PAACO Certified Audits and Trainings. [online]. Available at: www.animalauditor.org. Last accessed 27 June 2017.
  • Beef Quality Assurance (2017) BQA Master Cattle Transportation. [online]. Available at: www.bqa.org Last accessed 26 August 2017.
  • Canadian Livestock Transport (2017) Canadian Livestock Transport Certification Program. [online]. Available at: www.livestocktransport.ca. Last accessed 26 August 2017.
  • Grandin T (2017) Recommended Animal Handling Guidelines & Audit Guide: A Systematic Approach to Animal Welfare. Available at: animalhandling.org Last accessed 16 August 2017.
  • Food Safety and Inspection Service of the United States Department of Agriculture (2017) Part 313-Humane Slaughter of Livestock. [online]. Available at: www.gpo.gov. Last accessed 16 August 2017.
  • Grandin T (2014) Recommended Captive Bolt Stunning Techniques for Cattle. [online]. Available at: www.grandin.com. Last accessed 21 September 2017.
  • European Commission (2017) Better Training for Safer Food. [online]. Available at: ec.europa.eu. Last accessed 21 August 2017.
  • Grandin T (2017) Behavioral Principles of Livestock Handling. [online]. Available at: www.grandin.com. Last accessed 17 August 2017.
  • Grandin T (2015) Improving Animal Welfare: A Practical Approach. 2nd edn. CABI.
  • Food Safety and Inspection Service of the United States Department of Agriculture (2014) Small & Very Small Plant Outreach. [online]. Available at: www.fsis.usda.gov Last accessed 7 August 2017.
  • Lee T (2017) The health and welfare of fed cattle after transport to commercial slaughter facilities. Kansas State University.
  • Grandin T (2013) Temple Grandin Explains Animal Welfare Problems with Beta-Agonists. [online]. Available at: www.beefmagazine.com. Last accessed 10 May 2017.


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