Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Anesthetizing cattle

Synonym(s): General anesthesia

Contributor(s): Kate White , Alex Dugdale

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Introduction

  • Anesthesia is a reversible state of unconsciousness producing a loss of sensitivity to environmental stimuli.
  • General anesthesia is undertaken less commonly in cattle compared to other species because these animals are usually relatively tractable and many procedures can be carried out under sedation, restraint and local anesthesia.
  • Agents producing general anesthesia may be delivered by intramuscular, intravenous or inhaled routes.

Preparation

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Premedication

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The ‘ketamine stun’

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Induction of anesthesia

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Maintenance

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Monitoring anesthesia in cattle

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Recovery

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Edmondson M A (2016) Local, Regional, and Spinal Anesthesia in Ruminants. Veterinary Clinics of North America - Food Animal Practice 32 (3), 535-552 PubMed.
  • Cantalapiedra G, Villanueva B & Pereira J L (2000) Anaesthetic potency of isoflurane in cattle : determination of the minimum alveolar concentration. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia 27, 22–26 PubMed.
  • Kaneko J J, Harvey J W & Bruss M L (1997) Clinical Biochemistry of Domestic Animals. Clinical Biochemistry of Domestic Animals 661, 890–894 PubMed.
  • Valverde A, Doherty T J, Dyson D & Valliant A E (1989) Evaluation of Pentobarbital as a Drug for Standing Sedation in Cattle. Veterinary Surgery 18 (3), 235–238 PubMed.
  • LeBlanc M M, Hubbell J A E & Smith H C (1984) The effects of xylazine hydrochloride on intrauterine pressure in the cow. Theriogenology 21 (5), 681–690 PubMed.
  • Campbell K B, Klavano P A, Richardson P & Alexander J E (1979) Hemodynamic effects of xylazine in the calf. American Journal of Veterinary Research 40 (12), 1777–1780 PubMed.


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