Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Anesthesia: gastro-intestinal complications

Contributor(s): Gayle Hallowell , Alex Dugdale

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Introduction

  • Compared with other anesthetic complications, problems of the gastro-intestinal system are both common and potentially life-threatening in cattle.
  • Cause of these side effects are likely to be multi-factorial.
  • Signs range from diarrhea and gas bloat, which are frequently seen secondary to administration of alpha-2 agonists to aspiration pneumonia, which occurs secondary to regurgitation in the peri- or immediately post-anesthetic period.

Prevention

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Seddighi R & Doherty T J (2016) Field sedation and anesthesia of ruminants. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 32 (3), 553-570 PubMed.
  • Abrahamsen E J (2013) Chemical restraint and injectable anesthesia of ruminants. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 29 (1), 209-27 PubMed.
  • Smith G (2013) Extralabel use of anesthetic and analgesic compounds in cattle. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 29 (1), 29-45 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Valverde A & Sinclair M (2015) Chapter 49 Ruminant Anesthesia. In: Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia. Blackwell Publishing.
  • Clarke K & Trim C (2014) Anaesthesia of Cattle. In: Veterinary Anaesthesia. 11thn edn. Elsevier.


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