Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Farmers guide to UK zoonotic diseases (Farmer Factsheet)

Contributor(s): Louise Cox-O’Shea , Mike Reynolds

The World Health Organization (WHO) define zoonotic diseases as ‘diseases and infections which are transmitted naturally between vertebrate animals and man’. 
  • Zoonotic diseases can be transmitted through direct contact, indirect contact or via the air.
  • Zoonotic diseases can be contracted via contaminated food/water/equipment and via biting insects.
  • People who work with/deal with animals are at increased risk of contracting a zoonotic disease by direct contact.
  • Incidences of current zoonotic infections can be monitored in the Health protection report. This report is published quarterly. DEFRA also produce annual reports.
  • Some zoonotic diseases are Notifiable. This means that if the disease is discovered or even suspected it must be reported immediately.
    • Notifiable diseases should be reported to APHA (Animal and Plant Health Agency)

UK Zoonotic Diseases

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Specific prevention to reduce number of cattle infected- husbandry

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Hygiene measures to prevent cattle to human spread

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Reducing human - human spread

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