Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Sporadic bovine leukosis

Synonym(s): SBL, juvenile, thymic, skin, multi-centric, leucosis

Contributor(s): Alexander Corbishley , Peter Down

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Introduction

  • Cause: unknown.
  • Signs: enlargement of lymph nodes, weight loss.
  • Diagnosis: clinical signs, lymph node biopsy and/or post mortem examination.
  • Treatment: there is no treatment and the condition is invariably fatal.
  • Prognosis: extremely poor.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • The cause of sporadic lymphosarcoma is unknown.
  • Affected cattle are seronegative for Enzootic bovine leukosis virus. (EBLV is a notifiable disease and not present in the UK).
  • The disease is rare and appears in 3 main forms:
    • Juvenile.
    • Thymic.
    • Skin.
  • A more generalized multicentric form can also be seen.
There is no treatment and the condition is invariably fatal.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Organisation(s)

  • Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies.


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