Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Ingrowing horn

Contributor(s): Davide Simone , Sophie Mahendran

Introduction

  • Cause: ingrowing horn is a condition which may result either from damage to the horn corium or can occur in otherwise “normally” grown horns.
  • Signs: horn is abnormally deviated towards the animal's soft tissues.  Left untreated, this results in the penetration of the horn into skin, underlying dermis and occasionally temporal bone damage. Areas involved are above the eye or on the temporal plate on the affected side.
  • Diagnosis: visual examination.
  • Treatment: surgical treatment is required.
  • Prognosis: generally good.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Exact etiology is not known, but it is thought that damage to the horn corium layer, early in life, may be a predisposing factor.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

Other sources of information

  • Turner & McIlwraith (2013) Techniques in Large Animal Surgery. 4th Edn. Ed: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Williams & Wilkins (2010) Atlas of Large Animal Surgery. Ed: Kersjes A W, Nemeth I.
  • Weavr A D (2005) Bovine Surgery and Lameness. Blackwell Publishing. Ed: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Hickman J, Houlton J & Edwards B (1995) An atlas of veterinary surgery. 3rd Edn.


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