Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Hereford

Contributor(s): CABI, Vetstream Ltd, Ash Phipps

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Introduction

Biological Data

Normal

Weight

  • Female:
    • Birth: 34-40kg.
    • Mature: 500-800kg.
  • Male:
    • Birth: 36-42kg.
    • Mature: 820-1147kg.

Height

  • Traditional bulls stand 135 cm at the withers and cows 130 cm.
  • The modern Hereford is taller, longer and narrower than the traditional type. Introgression has accentuated these differences.
  • Females (mature): 130-141cm.
  • Males (mature): 135-153cm.

Colors and distuingishing features

  • The characteristic common to all types is the color pattern, which is red (ideally deep red) with white head, breast, flanks and points. This color pattern is dominant to most other color patterns, but it is co-dominant with the white belt pattern and is recessive to the White Park color pattern. Other characteristics of the breed vary.
  • The traditional Hereford is a specialist grazing breed. It has a broad and moderately short head, medium length horns with no pigment at the tips, a compact square conformation, deep chest and short legs.
  • The silky coat of the traditional Hereford, which grows long and thick in winter, is a classic deep rich red, with white head, crest, dewlap, throat, underside, socks and tail switch.
  • Polled varieties are very similar to the horned varieties of each type, except that they are hornless.
  • Climatic effects are seen in the variation of coat type. A mossy, curly coat is necessary for insulation in cold climates, while a smooth coat is best suited for hot climates.
  • Their internal pelvic area is comparable in relation to bodyweight to breeds such as Limousin Limousin, but is smaller than Aberdeen Angus Aberdeen Angus.

Breed History and Information

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Societies

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Further Reading

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