Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Charolais

Contributor(s): CABI, Vetstream Ltd, Ash Phipps

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Introduction

Biological Data

Normal

Weight

  • The breed has been selected for rapid growth, the potential to grow to a large size and muscling.
  • They are slow maturing and best suited to fattening at 24 months.
  • Average weights (kg) of mature bulls and cows, respectively, are recorded:
    • In the UK as 1250 and 880.
    • In Ireland as 1200 and 800.
    • In Sweden as 1300 and 800.
    • In France as 1150 and 750.
    • Live-weights for adult male American Charolais are reported to average from 900kg to over 1 ton and for mature females from 568kg to over 1 ton.
    • In Sweden (1999), average birth weights were recorded as 49 and 40kg for male and female calves respectively, and the average daily live-weight gain as 1500g based on data from Swedish Meat Recording of 12-month-old bull calves.
  • Body weight female - birth: 40kg.
  • Body weight female - mature: 750-1000kg.
  • Body weight male - birth: 49kg.
  • Body weight male - mature: 800-1300kg.

Height

  • Body height female - mature: 139-145cm.
  • Body height male - mature: 146-155cm.

Colors and distinguishing features

  • The animals are white or creamy white in color with a light muzzle sometimes showing yellow spots, pink mucosae and pigmented skin which is light brown.
  • The hair coat is short in the summer season but becomes longer and thicker in the winter.
  • The animals are large boned and long bodied and are well known for their muscularity.
  • The breed is a naturally horned beef breed but a Polled Charolais strain has been developed in the USA from naturally polled animals and is now established as an important part of the breed.

Breed History and Information

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Societies

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Further Reading

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