Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Brahman

Contributor(s): Vetstream Ltd, CABI, Virginia Sherwin

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Introduction

Biological Data

Normal

Weight

  • Male:
    • Birth: 30-34kg.
    • Mature: 900-1200kg.
  • Female:
    • Birth: 28-31kg.
    • Mature: 500-650kg.

Height

  • Male:
    • Birth: 67-77cm.
    • Mature: 130-146cm.
  • Female:
    • Birth: 65-75cm.
    • Mature: 125-140cm.

Colors and distuingishing features

  • Most Brahman calves are born with a prominent cervical hump that with maturity becomes proportionally larger and darker in bulls than in steers or cows.
  • Brahmans have loose skin, a very prominent, loose dewlap and may have a large navel flap or loose sheath. The rump slopes downward.
  • The hair coat is short, sleek and shiny. 
  • Braham cattle can be various colours from very light grey to red or almost black; mature bulls tend to be darker coloured than mature females.
    • The ears of the Grey Brahman are broad, droop at about 45° to the head, and face forward. The face is broad and flat.
    • In the Red Brahman, the ears are long and pendulous, open to the front and may curl inwards at the tip. They often extend below the throat. The face may be broadly convex.
  • Brahmans may be horned, scurred or naturally polled.
    • Horn size and shape reflect the characteristics of the component breeds and there is considerable variation in both Grey and Red Brahmans.
    • In Grey Brahman animals of predominantly Guzerat background, the horns grow out and up from the top of the poll and are often lyrate.
    • In Red Brahman animals of predominantly Gir background, the horns grow down and back from the side of the poll, then up and in towards the midline of the poll.
  • The skin of Brahmans is fully pigmented with black, or in some red Brahmans, brown pigment.
  • The hair shaft of grey Brahmans is generally black at the base, may be red-brown in the mid-section and black or white at the tip.
    • Pigmentation of the hair shaft is influenced by season and by androgenic hormones.
    • Grey Brahmans therefore vary from white, through shades of grey to black.
    • The barrel is generally a lighter shade than is the rest of the animal particularly for bulls, which are generally darker than steers or cows and darker in winter than in summer.
    • Grey Brahman calves are often born with a red poll or a red tinge over the upper part of the body but this converts to grey as the animals mature.
    • Red Brahmans may be a solid shade of brownish-red or they may be spotted or speckled with white on a brownish-red background.

Breed History and Information

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Societies

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Further Reading

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