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Hypocalcemia / hypercalcemia

Hypocalcemia is rare in pet rabbits, but can be caused by pregnancy toxemia, lactation, low dietary level of calcium and vitamin D, parathyroidectomy, unbalanced Ca:P. The definition of hypercalcemia in rabbits is a bit controversial, as some cases reported have had calcium concentrations in the range of 14-17 mg/dL, which may be considered normal in a rabbit on a calcium-rich diet. However, even if the rabbit is considered healthy and high calcium blood levels are caused by diet, such values may induce pathologic problems such as urolithiasis and soft tissue mineralization.

Updated by David Perpiñán DVM MS PhD DipECZM(Herpetology)

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