Exotis and Lapis Updates - February 2019


Check out the latest additions to Exotis and Lapis here...

Limb paresis / paralysis

The terms paresis and paralysis refer respectively to the partial or complete loss of motor function in one or more limbs. In rabbits this may result from dysfunction of the central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, neuromuscular junction or muscle. There are many etiologies; spinal trauma and encephalitozoonosis are the most common in pet rabbits.

Updated by Vicki Baldrey BSc(Hons) BVSc DZooMed(Avian) MRCVS

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Fractures can occur in any bone. In guinea pigs, the most common fracture is of the tibia. Fractures are most commonly due to being dropped or from the leg becoming caught in a wire cage floor.

Prognosis is good for distal limb bone fractures; good for open fractures/severely damaged tissue, where amputation is performed; guarded to poor for spinal fractures where there is neurologic damage.

Written by Cathy Johnson-Delaney DVM

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Stomatitis can be caused by bacterial, viral and fungal infections, usually secondary to suboptimal husbandry.

All species can be affected; it can occur secondary to rostral trauma in nervous species such as Chinese water dragons (Physignathus cocincinus). It is also common in chelonians kept at suboptimal temperatures with underlying herpes virus or Mycoplasma infection.

Written by Mark Naguib BVMS(Hons) CertAVP(ZooMed) MRCVS

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Ferret systemic coronavirus

FRSCV is an emerging disease syndrome in ferrets characterized by granulomatous lesions induced by a coronavirus.

FRSCV is caused by a coronavirus that may be a mutated form of the virus that causes ferret epizootic catarrhal enteritis or ferret enteric coronavirus (FRECV).

Written by Cathy Johnson-Delaney DVM

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Image: Stomatitis 01: snake ©Siuna Ann Reid