- Cause : inherited abnormality in Manx cats.
- Signs : paraplegia, incontinence, abnormal gait.
- Diagnosis : signs, radiography.
- Treatment : symptomatic.
- Prognosis : poor.
- Abnormal gait.
- Hyporeflexia of the pelvic limbs.
- Anal reflex absent.
- Perineal analgesia.
- Vertebral abnormalities palpable as dorsal vertebral defect caudally over the sacral area or an apparent subcutaneous mass (lipoma or meningocele).
- Fistulation of a cyst or meningocele can occur leading to a caudal pinpoint midline patency that consistently leaks CSF wetting the fur. This condition can be a cause of ascending meninigitis and provoke rapid decline in function.
- Poor if significant neurological deficits are present.
- In many cases the signs are progressive.
- Some cats have sacral deformities with no clinical signs.
Expected response to treatment
- Neurological deficits are unlikely to improve if present.
Reasons for treatment failure
- Condition may remain static in some cases.
- Complications such as megacolon and reduced urinary bladder function provide a worse prognosis.