- Abdominal distention is a common clinical sign of a variety of disease processes.
- Physical examination can involve abdominal auscultation , transrectal palpation [Urogenital: rectal palpation] and transabdominal ballottement.
- Although the technique is commonly used in the bovine and ovine, it is rarely practiced in the equine.
- Detection of large firm masses, including fetuses, or abnormal volume of peritoneal fluid.
- Simple and safe.
- No equipment required.
- Useful in animals too small to palpate per rectum.
- More difficult in the equine because of the increased rigidity of the abdominal wall, especially if assessing fluid wave.
- Mainly of use in the foal.