- (Fig. 1) and selecting appropriate antibiotic therapy.
- With endometrial cytology or endometrial biopsy .
- Bacteria isolated can be divided into:
- Taylorella equigenitalis (CEM organism).
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa , can develop into pyometra.
- Klebsiella pneumoniae (capsule types 1, 2 and 5). Regard as pathogenic when capsule type is not available.
- Potential acute endometritis producers - many normal mares will not succumb to endometritis when challenged with these organisms.
- The most commonly isolated organisms in cases of acute endometritis are:
- Contaminant organisms:
- These organisms are rarely incriminated causes of acute endometritis.
Errors and Artifacts
- (Figs. 2-5)
- It is impossible to obtain representative swabs using unguarded instruments.
- Even with guarded instruments, contaminants are frequently picked up; that is why diagnosis of endometritis based only on culture is not possible.
- The presence of PMNs indicates acute inflammation, and thus adds weight to the significance of the bacterial isolates.