Hydrocephalus

Hydrocephalus internus congenitus Hydranzephalia

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Introduction

  • Abnormal increase in quantity of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain.
  • Most commonly seen in neonatal foals (congenital), although may be acquired in the older animal.
  • Signs : grossly domed skull (neonate), may be other defects.
  • Diagnosis : clinical signs.
  • Treatment : none.
  • Prognosis : grave.

Diagnosis

Differential diagnosis

Diagnosis

Clinical signs

Outcomes

Prognosis

  • Congenital: hopeless - euthanasia is usually indicated.
  • Acquired: animals which recover are often mentally deficient ('dummy foals') and unthrifty.
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