Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Obesity

Synonym(s): very overweight, fat

Contributor(s): Martha Cannon, Marge Chandler, Allison German

Definitions and incidence

  • Obesity is characterized by excess accumulation of body fat.
  • Overweight animals are those who are 10 to 19% greater than their optimal body weight due to fat accumulation.
  • Obese animals are those who are greater than 20% above their optimal body weight due to fat accumulation.
  • Ideal body composition of cats indicates that they are in optimal condition when they have 10 to 20% body fat, although the optimal range varies depending upon breed, age, sex and method of measurement.
  • It is estimated that approximately 20-52% of cats are overweight to grossly obese.
  • The prevalence of obesity is greatest in young-to-middle age cats, and declines in senior populations (ie after 9 years of age).
    Print off Owner factsheet on obesity Obesity to give to your client.

Health risks of obesity

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Assessment of body condition

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Risk factors for obesity

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Treatment of obesity

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Prevention of obesity

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers
  • Recent references fromPubMed.
  • Shoveller A K, DiGennaro J, Lanman C, Spangler D. (2014)Trained vs untrained evaluator assessment of body condition score as a predictor of percent body fat in adult cats. J Fel Med SurgEpub ahead of print 2014 Mar 13.
  • Serisier S, Feugier A, Venet C, Biourge V, German A J (2013)Faster growth rate in ad libitum-fed cats: a risk factor predicting the likelihood of becoming overweight during adulthood. J Nutr Sci2, e11.
  • Michel K, Scherk M (2012)From Problem to Success: Feline weight loss programs that work. J Fel Med Surg14(5), 327-336PubMed.
  • Freeman L, Becvarova I, Cave N, MacKay, C Nguyen P, Rama B, Takashima G, Tiffin R, van Beukelen P, Yathiraj S (2011)WSAVA Nutritional Assessment Guidelines. J Fel Med Surg13(7), 516-525 PubMed.
  • Zoran D L (2010)Obesity in Dogs and Cats: A Metabolic and Endocrine Disorder. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract40(2), 221-PubMed.
  • Bissot T, Servet E, Vidal S, Deboise M, Sergheraert R, Egron G, Hugonnard M, Heath S E, Biourge V, German A J (2010)Novel dietary strategies can improve the outcome of weight loss programmes in obese client-owned cats. J Fel Med Surg12(2), 104-112PubMed.
  • Churchill J (2010)Increase the success of weight loss programs by creating an environment for change. Compend Contin EducVet32(12), E1PubMed.
  • Courcier E A, O'Higgins R, Mellor D J, Yam P S (2010)Prevalence and risk factors for feline obesity in a first opinion practice in Glasgow, Scotland. J Fel Med Surg12(10), 746-753 PubMed.
  • Colliard L, Paragon B M, Lemuet B, Bénet J J, Blanchard G (2009)Prevalence and risk factors of obesity in an urban population of healthy cat. J Fel Med Surg11(2), 135-140PubMed.
  • German A J, Holden S, Bissot T, Morris P J, Biourge V (2008)Changes in body composition during weight loss in obese client-owned cats: Loss of lean tissue mass correlates with overall percentage of weight lost.J Fel Med Surg10(5), 452-459 PubMed.
  • Roudebush P, Schoenherr W D, Delaney S J (2008)An evidence-based review of the use of therapeutic foods, owner education, exercise, and drugs for the management of obese and overweight pets.  JAVMA223(5), 717-725 PubMed.
  • Roudebush P, Schoenherr W D, Delaney S J (2008)Timely topics in nutrition - An evidence-based review of the use of nutraceuticals and dietary supplementation for the management of obese and overweight pets.  JAVMA232(11), 1646-1655PubMed.
  • Lund E M, Armstrong P J, Kirk C A, Klausner J S (2005)Prevalence and Risk Factors for Obesity in Adult Cats from Private US Veterinary Practices. Int J Appl Res Vet Med3(2) 88-96.
  • Butterwick R F & Markwell P J (1996)Body composition changes in cats during weight reduction by controlled calorie restrictionVet Rec.138,354-375.PubMed

Other sources of information


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