Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Testis: cryptorchidectomy - inguinal / parainguinal

Contributor(s): Stephen Adams, Graham Munroe

Introduction

  • Unilateral cryptorchids can be left and used for breeding but as the condition is hereditary this should be actively discouraged and castration of both testicles recommended   Testis: cryptorchidism  .
  • Bilateral cases should be castrated as hormonal and surgical treatments to effect descent are unethical and often unsuccessful.

Uses

Advantages

  • Inguinal approach - allows removal of both abdominal/inguinal testicles or quick conversion to parainguinal approach.
  • Parainguinal/inguinal approaches - smaller incision size, quicker and less convalescence.

Disadvantages

  • Parainguinal/inguinal approaches may not always allow abdominal testis to be found.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Good.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Mariën T et al (2001) Laparoscopic testis-sparing herniorrhaphy - A new approach for congenital inguinal hernia repair in the foal. Equine Vet Educ 13 (1), 32-35 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • Scumacher J (1992)Cryptorchid Castration.In:Equine Surgery. Ed: Auer J A. W B Saunders, Philadelphia.


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