Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Anesthesia: intra-articular

Synonym(s): Intra-articular anesthesia

Contributor(s): Leah Bradbury, Mark Senior, Enzo Vettorato

Introduction

  • Intra-articular anesthesia is frequently used for equine lameness diagnosis.
  • It should also be more frequently used to provide analgesia.

Uses

Advantages

Disadvantages

  • Inconsistent in abolishing pain in some articular problems.
  • Requires strict aseptic technique.
  • Requires skilled personnel.
  • Could be toxic for articular cartilage.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Is dependant on individual case.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Michou J & Leece E (2012) Sedation and analgesia in the standing horse 2. Local anaesthesia and analgesia techniques. In Pract 34 (10), 578-587 VetMedResource.
  • Down S S, Munroe G A & Murray R C (2011) Validation of a cranial injection technique of the medial femorotibial joint in the horse. Equine Vet Educ 23 (11), 569-573 VetMedResource.
  • Taylor S (2007) Intra-articular analgesia of the stifle joint. UK Vet 12 (7), 11-13 VetMedResource.
  • Kristiansen K K & Kold S E (2007) Multivariable analysis of factors influencing outcome of 2 treatment protocols in 128 cases of horses responding positively to intra-articular analgesia of the distal interphalangeal joint. Equine Vet J 39 (2), 150-156 PubMed.
  • Taylor S (2006) Intra-articular analgesia of the elbow joint. UK Vet 11 (3), 5-6 VetMedResource.
  • Taylor S (2005) Intra-articular analgesia of the tarsus: tarsocrural, centrodistal and tarsometatarsal joints. UK Vet 10 (5), 9-11.
  • Schumacher J, Schumacher J, Schramme M C, DeGraves F J, Smith R & Coker M (2004) Diagnostic analgesia of the equine forefoot. Equine Vet Educ 16 (3), 159-165 VetMedResource.
  • Taylor S E (2004) Intra-articular anaesthesia of the metacarpophalangeal joint. UK Vet (6), 5-6.
  • Bennett R C & Steffey E P (2002) Use of opioids for pain and anesthetic management in horses. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 18 (1), 47-60 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Ross M W & Dyson S J (2003)Diagnosis and Management of Lameness in the Horse. W B Saunders, Missouri. ISBN: 0721683428.
  • Rose R J & Hodgson D R (2000)Manual of Equine Practice.2nd edn. W B Saunders, Philadelphia. ISBN: 0721686656.


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