Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Trimethoprim

Contributor(s): Sally Anne Argyle

Introduction

Name

  • Trimethoprim.

Class of drug

  • A diaminopyrimidine which has antibacterial properties due to its action as a folate reductase inhibitor.

Uses

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Indications

Administration

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Pharmacokinetics

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Precautions

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Interactions

with other drugs

  • Potentiated sulfonamides in association with alpha2-adrenergic agonist such as detomidine can induce fatal dysrhythmias.
  • Procaine component of some penicillin preparations can act as a PABA analogue and can overcome the inhibition of folic acid synthesis by the trimethoprim/sulfonamide combination.

Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Van Duijkeren E, Vulto A G & Van Miert A S (1994) Trimethoprim/sulfonamide combinations in the horse - a review. J Vet Pharmacol Ther 17 (1), 64-73 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Bertone J & Horspool L (2004) Eds. Equine Clinical Pharmacology. Saunders. ISBN: 0702024848.
  • Derived from The Veterinary Formulary (2004) 6th edn. Ed: Bishop Y. British Veterinary Association and Royal Pharmaceutical Society. ISBN: 0853695792.

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