Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Lidocaine

Synonym(s): Lidocaine hydrochloride, lignocaine hydrochloride

Introduction

Name

  • Lidocaine hydrochloride.

Class of drug

  • Local anesthetic.

Uses

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Indications

  • Epidural.
  • Field block (with epinephrine).
  • Perineural anesthesia (with epinephrine).
  • Arryhthmias.

Administration

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Precautions

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Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Villalba M, Santiago I & Gomex de Segura I A (2011) Effects of constant rate infusion of lidocaine and ketamine, with or without morphine, on isoflurane MAC in horses. Equine Vet J 43 (6), 721-726 PubMed.
  • Guschlbauer M, Hoppe S, Geburek F, Feige K & Huber K (2010) In vitro effects of lidocaine on the contractility of equine jejunal smooth muscle challenged by ischaemia-reperfusion injury. Equine Vet J 42 (1), 53-58 PubMed.
  • Sinclair M & Valverde A (2009) Short-term anaeshtesia with xylazine, diazepa/ketamine for castration in horses under field conditions: Use of intravenous lidocaine. Equine Vet J 41 (2), 149-152 PubMed.
  • Dickey E J, McKenzie III H C, Brown J A & De Solis C N (2008) Serum concentrations of lidocaine and its metabolites after prolonged infusion in healthy horses. Equine Vet J 40 (4), 348-352 PubMed.
  • Cook V L, Jones Shults J, McDowell M et al (2008) Attenuation of ischaemic injury in the equine jejunum by administration of systemic lidocaine. Equine Vet J 40 (4), 353-357 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Derived from The Veterinary Formulary (1998) 4th edn. Ed: Bishop Y. British Veterinary Association and Royal Pharmaceutical Society.

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