Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Spine: radiology

Contributor(s): Sarah Freeman, Vetstream Ltd, Renate Weller

Indications for radiography

Radiography allows assessment of osseous and soft tissue structures of the spine   Spine: radiography  .

  • Neurological lesions localized to the cervical, thoracolumbar, lumbar or sacral vertebral column.
  • Pain/pathology localized to the cervical, thoracolumbar, lumbar or sacral vertebral column (based on clinical examination, scintigraphy, etc).
  • Acute or chronic trauma, including suspected fracture.
  • Investigation of conformational abnormalities, eg changes in the shape of the withers associated with fracture of the thoracolumbar vertebral spines.

Radiographic technique and evaluation

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Radiographic anatomy

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Incidental findings

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Radiographic interpretation

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Additional studies

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Dimock A N & Puchalski S M (2010) Cervical radiology. Equine Vet Educ 22 (1), 83-87.
  • Haussler K & Stover S (1998) Stress fractures of the vertebral lamina and pelvis in thorougbred racehorses. Equine Vet J 30 (5), 374-381 PubMed.
  • Moore B R, Reed S M, Biller D S et al (1994) Assessment of vertebral canal diameter and bony malforamtions of the cervical part of the spine in horses with cervical stenotic myelopathy. Am J Vet Res 55 (1), 5-13 PubMed.
  • Mayhew I, Donawick W, Green S et al (1993) Diagnosis and prediction of cervical vertebral malformation in thoroughbred foals based on semi-quantitative radiographic indicator. Equine Vet J 25 (5), 435-440 PubMed.
  • Ricardi G & Dyson S J (1993) Forelimb lameness associated with radiographic abnormalities of the cervical vertebrae. Equine Vet J 25 (5), 422-426 PubMed.
  • Whitwell K & Dyson S J (1987) Interpreting radiographs. VIII Equine cervical vertebrae. Equine Vet J 19 (1), 8-14 PubMed.
  • Jeffcott L B (1980) Disorders of the thoracolumbar spine of the horse a survey of 443 cases. Equine Vet J 12 (4), 197-210 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Ross M W & Dyson S J (2003) Diagnosis and Management of Lameness in the Horse. Saunders, USA.
  • Butler J A, Colles C M, Dyson S J, Kold S E & Poulos P W (2000) Clinical Radiology of the Horse. 2nd edn. Blackwell Science Ltd, UK.
  • White N A & Moore J N (1998) Current techniques in Equine Surgery and Lameness. 2nd edn. Saunders, USA.
  • Dyce K M, Sack W O & Wensing C J G (1987) Textbook of Veterinary Anatomy.Saunders, Philadelphia.


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