Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Heart: examination - overview

Contributor(s): Christopher Brown, Wendy Furness, Lesley Young

Introduction

  • A thorough examination of the cardiovascular system is essential as part of a full clinical examination.
  • In particular it forms part of the pre-purchase examination   Pre-purchase examination  and pre-anesthetic evaluation.
  • In horses where cardiac disease   Heart: disease - overview  is suspected, a methodical examination is important to act as a basis from which to select appropriate further diagnostic tests and to evaluate the severity of disease.
  • All findings must be considered in the context of the athletic requirements for the individual horse.
  • To assess this, a full history complete with details of athletic performance must be obtained.

Signalment

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History

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Clinical examination

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Cardiac auscultation

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Further investigation

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Fregin G F (1992) Medical evaluation of the cardiovascular system. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract (2), 329-346 PubMed.
  • Reef V B (1985) Evaluation of the equine cardiovascular system. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract (2), 275-288 PubMed.
  • Gerring E L (1984) Clinical examination of the equine heart. Equine Vet J 16 (6), 552-555 PubMed.


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