Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Stifle: femoropatellar osteochondrosis

Synonym(s): OCD, osteochondritis dissecans

Contributor(s): Stephen Adams, Graham Munroe, Vetstream Ltd, Chris Whitton

Introduction

Pathogenesis

Predisposing factors

General

Sites

  • Lateral ridge of femur - most common.
  • Medial trochlear:
    • Intertrochlear groove.
    • Patella.
    • Often bilateral.

Pathophysiology

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Sparks H D, Nixon A J, Fortier L A & Mohammed H O (2011) Arthroscopic reattachment of osteochondritis dissecans cartilage flaps of the femoropatellar joint: Long-term results. Equine Vet J 43 (6), 650-659 PubMed.
  • Latimer F G et al (2000) Stifle disease in horses. Comp Cont Educ Pract Vet 22 (4), 381-390 VetMedResource.
  • Van Pelt R W, Riley W F Jr & Tillotson P J (1970) Stifle disease (gonitis) in horses: clinicopathologic findings and intra-articular therapy. JAVMA 157 (9), 1173-1186 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Ross M W & Dyson S J (2003) Eds. Diagnosis and Management of Lameness in the Horse. Elsevier Science, USA.


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