Canine upper airway diseases: overview

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  • Canine upper respiratory tract disease is a common problem in general veterinary practice.
  • Upper airway diseases are categorized by anatomic location, and clinical signs vary depending on the site of the disease:
    • Nose and nasopharynx:
      • Nasal discharge.
      • Sneezing.
      • Distortion of facial anatomy.
      • Stertorous breathing (snoring).
    • Larynx:
      • Stridor.
      • Decreased tolerance of heat and exercise.
      • Respiratory distress if severe.
      • Voice change.
      • Cough.
    • Trachea and mainstem bronchi:
      • Cough.
      • Respiratory distress if severe.
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