- Bacteria found in semen are often contaminants; these must be differentiated from pathogens.
- Cause : many potential agents, including Taylorella equigenitalis , Streptococcus zooepidemicus , Klebsiella pneumoniae .
- Signs : subclinical infection unless specific infection of reproductive tract.
- Diagnosis : microbiologic examination of swabs and ejaculate; identification of site of infection.
- Treatment : rest from mating, antimicrobials, specific treatments for reproductive tract infections.
- Prognosis : fair, depending on organism and site of infection.
- Management : use of semen extender containing antimicrobials.
- Fair with appropriate therapy and rest from mating.
Expected response to treatment
- Microbiologic culture and examination of swabs of the urethra, urethral fossa and prepuce.
- Examination of semen.
Reasons for treatment failure
- Inappropriate therapy.
- Poor owner compliance.
- Inadequate duration of therapy.
- Bacterial resistance to antimicrobials.
- Chronic orchitis .