Canine upper airway diseases: overview

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Introduction

  • Canine upper respiratory tract disease is a common problem in general veterinary practice.
  • Diseases caused by:
    • Viruses.
    • Bacteria.
    • Fungi.
    • Parasites.
    • Upper airway irritants.
    • Hypersensitivities.

MULIPLE ETIOLOGIES

Infectious tracheobronchitis (ITB)

  • Infectious tracheobronchitis or "kennel cough" occurs worldwide, often in dogs housed in, or exposed to, groups.
  • Most common etiologic agent is Bordetella bronchiseptica.
  • Mild cases of infectious tracheobronchitis are often self-limiting and may be managed by exercise restriction and confinement; however dogs on antibiotic therapy may experience a decreased duration of coughing.
  • Several "vaccines" (bacterins) currently available for inoculation against the agents involved.
    Vaccination does not guarantee protection from infection.
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