- From plant Cannabis sativa- usually found in the form of cannabis/marijuana (dried leaves and flowers of plant) or hashish (dried resin from flower tips).
- Cause : accidental ingestion (or inhalation) of cannabis containing tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the principal active ingredient.
- Signs : acute onset is usually within 1-3 h: ataxia, drowsiness, stupor, behavioral changes, tachycardia, hypotension, hypothermia, increased appetite, conjunctival injection.
- Treatment : emesis (within 1 h of ingestion, only if asymptomatic), absorbents (activated charcoal, BCK granules), supportive therapy (intravenous fluids, warming).
- Prognosis : good, recovery usually within 24-72 h.
- Conjunctival injection.
- Respiratory depression.
- Absence of localizing signs on neurological examination and no evidence of systemic disease.
- Other toxicosis:
- Metabolic disorders:
- Prognosis for complete recovery following cannabis intoxication is very good.
- Recovery is more rapid for affected dogs that receive veterinary attention soon after cannabis ingestion.
- Death from exposure to cannabis is not expected.
- A full recovery is usually seen within 24-71 h.
Expected response to treatment
- The dog is alert and aware of its environment and clinical signs of toxicosis have resolved.