Skin: tail gland hyperplasia

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Introduction

  • Common.
  • Cause : hyperandrogenism?
  • Signs : hyperplasia of that region on dorsal surface of tail which bears simple rather than compound hair follicles, numerous sebaceous and hepatoid glands; may become infected.
  • Diagnosis : clinical signs, age of onset, histopathology.
  • Treatment : none needed in most cases, castration in severe cases.
  • Prognosis : good.

Diagnosis

Clinical signs

  • Thickening and alopecia of skin of 'tail gland' region.
  • Greasy, scaly +/- hyperpigmented.

Differential diagnosis

  • Hepatoid adenoma of tail gland region.

Outcomes

Prognosis

  • Good although lesion may become infected.
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